пятница, 5 февраля 2010 г.

День рождения полиции Лондона

The first Police Force in London
The police force in the capital of England, as we know it today, did not exist until 1856. Before then, most places had only an unpaid parish constable to keep order. The first policemen, known as 'Peelers' or 'Bobbies', were set up in London in 1829 by Robert Peel, then Home Secretary, after 'The Metropolitan Police Act' of 1829. The act provided permanently appointed and paid Constables. The first thousand of Peel’s police began to patrol the streets of London on 29th September 1829. Robert Peel was born on 5 February 1788 in Bury, Lancashire. He became a British MP and later, Prime Minister. He was most concerned about public safety and criminal reform, and was responsible for establishing the first police force in London. Since that time British police have raditionally been know as 'Bobbies'. The uniform was carefully selected to make the ‘Peelers’ look more like ordinary citizens, rather that a red-coated soldier with a helmet. The 'Peelers' wore a long blue coats and strengthened tall hats, which protected them from blows to the head and they could use to stand on to look over walls. Their only weapon was a wooden truncheon carried in a long pocket in the tail of their coat They also carried a pair of handcuffs and a wooden rattle to raise the alarm. By the 1880s this rattle had been replaced by a whistle.

Information from Interesting Calendar - February

2 комментария:

  1. Oh, I've never heard about it. It's so interesting and knowledgeable. Thank you Tatyana Klimovna for this material.

  2. Анонимный17 мая 2010 г., 20:01

    When I was in London a few years ago,I saw 'Bobbies' at work,and it really made me respect that country.
    Their selfmastery,endurace,bearing - for my whole life I haven`t seen smth like them in any other country.
    London policemen look like the best cops in the world.