суббота, 12 марта 2011 г.

Пресса Великобритании

On the 11th March 1702, Britain’s first newspaper – the Daily Courant – began publishing from rooms above the White Hart pub in Fleet Street. It was more like a leaflet than a newspaper as it was just a single page with two columns. Publishing started in Fleet Street around 1500 when William Caxton's apprentice set up a printing shop near Shoe Lane. William Caxton was the first English person to work as a printer and the first person to introduce a printing press into England. Caxton was born in around 1422 in Kent. He went to London at the age of 16 to become an apprentice to a merchant, later moving to Bruges, the centre of the wool trade, where he became a successful and important member of the merchant community. From 1462 to 1470 he served as governor of the 'English Nation of Merchant Adventurers', which allowed him to represent his fellow merchants, as well as act as a diplomat for the king.
More about this person read here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/caxton_william.shtml
Fleet Street was the home of the British press until the 1980s. Most of the major national papers were located here. Since the digital printing revolution, most have moved, and only Reuters remains. The Times and The Sun moved to Wapping. The Guardian went to the Isle of Dogs, and the rest went to London’s Docklands. Fleet Street is named after the Fleet River, one of the many rivers that now flow beneath London's streets to the Thames.

1 комментарий:

  1. I know that after that time when William Caxton had published the first newspaper a lot of people according to his example worked and developed newspapers. So nowadays people use printer which was made from the first mashines.
    Tokareva Masha)