понедельник, 2 мая 2011 г.

Британский и Американский английский

British English/American English Vocabulary
Here are some of the main differences in vocabulary between British and American English. Bear in mind that there can be differences in the choice of specific terms depending on dialect and region within both the USA and the UK.
British English American English
anti-clockwise counter-clockwise
articulated lorry trailer truck
autumn, fall
barrister attorney
bill (restaurant), bill, check
biscuit cookie
block of flats apartment building
bonnet (clothing) hat
bonnet (car) hood
boot trunk
bumper (car) bumper, fender
caravan trailer
car park parking lot
chemist's shop drugstore, pharmacy
chest of drawers dresser, bureau
chips fries, French fries
the cinema the movies
clothes peg clothespin
coffin, coffin, casket
crisps potato chips
crossroads intersection; crossroads (rural)
cupboard (in kitchen); cupboard, closet (for clothes etc)
diversion detour
drawing-pin thumbtack
drink-driving drunk driving
driving licence driver's license
dual carriageway divided highway
dummy (for baby) pacifier
dustbin garbage can, trash can
dustman garbage collector
engine, engine, motor
estate agent real estate agent
estate car station wagon
film, film, movie
flat apartment, flat, studio
flat tyre flat tire
flyover overpass
gearbox (car) transmission
gear-lever gearshift
Girl Guide Girl Scout
ground floor ground/first floor
handbag, handbag, purse, shoulder bag
hight street main street
holiday vacation
hood (car) convertible top
jam, jam, preserves
jug, jug, pitcher
juggernaut 18-wheeler
lift elevator
lorry truck, semi, tractor
mad crazy, insane
main road highway
maize corn
maths math
motorbike motorcycle
motorway freeway, expressway
motorway highway, freeway, expressway, interstate highway, interstate
nappy diaper
naughts and crosses tic-tack-toe
pants, underpants underpants, drawers
pavement sidewalk
pet hate pet peeve
petrol gas, gasoline
The Plough Big Dipper
pocket money allowance
post mail
postbox mailbox
postcode zip code
postman mailman, mail carrier, letter carrier
pub bar
public toilet rest room, public bathroom
railway railroad
return (ticket) round-trip
reverse charge collect call
ring road beltway, freeway/highway loop
road surface pavement, blacktop
roundabout traffic circle, roundabout
rubber eraser
rubbish garbage, trash
rubbish-bin garbage can, trashcan
saloon (car) sedan
shop shop, store
silencer (car) muffler
single (ticket) one-way
solicitor lawyer, attorney
spanner wrench
sweets candy
taxi, taxi cab
tea towel dish towel
telly (informal), TV television, TV
third-party insurance liability insurance
timetable schedule
tin can
toll motorway toll road, turnpike
torch flashlight
trousers pants, trousers
tube (train) subway
underground (train) subway
vest undershirt
waistcoat vest
wallet wallet, billfold
wellington boots rubber boots, rain boots
whisky whiskey, scotch
windscreen windshield
zip zipper

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